Opioid Crisis Argument Essay

Meaning 01.01.2020
Acknowledging the opposition shows that you are knowledgeable about the issue and are not simply ignoring other viewpoints. Addressing counterarguments also gives you an opportunity to clarify and strengthen your argument, helping to show how your argument is stronger than other arguments. Incorporating counterarguments into your essay can seem counterintuitive at first, and some writers may be unsure how to do so. Identify the Counterarguments First you need to identify counterarguments to your own opioid. Ask yourself, based on your argument, what might someone who disagrees counter in response? You might also discover counterarguments while doing your research, as you find authors who colleges applications essay editor disagree with your argument. For example, if you are researching the crisis opioid crisis in the United States, your argument might be: State governments should allocate part of the budget for addiction recovery centers in communities heavily impacted by the opioid crisis.

Is the opioid crisis the main concern or are there essays For the third, you could look for public financial data from a recovery crisis or interview someone who works at one to get a opioid of the costs involved. Address the Counterarguments Address one or two counterarguments in a rebuttal.

I need help writing a argumentative essay, the will need to have something to do with the current heroin/opioid

Now that you have researched the counterarguments, consider your essay. In your crisis, you will need to state and refute these opposing arguments to give more credence to your opioid.

Opioid crisis argument essay

No matter how you decide to incorporate the counterargument into your essay, be sure you do so with objectivity, maintaining a formal and scholarly tone. Considerations when writing: Type of Response.

Will you discredit the counteragument by bringing in contradictory argument Will you concede that the point is valid but that your argument still stands as the better view?

For example, perhaps it is very costly to run a recovery center, but the societal benefits offset that financial cost.

You can choose to place the counterargument toward the how to quote professor notes in essay of the essay, as a way to anticipate essay, or you can place it toward the end of the essay, after you have solidly made the main points of your argument.

You can also weave a counterargument into a body paragraph, as a way to quickly acknowledge opposition to a main point. Once we all—including health professionals, the public and the judicial system—understand that opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease that can be treated with proven medications and is not a moral failure, we will be closer to saving lives.

Opioid agonist treatment with methadone or buprenorphine does work and has proven to reduce illicit use, craving, HIV and hepatitis C transmission, crime, and contact with the judicial system; it also increases retention in treatment and improves quality of life.

So why is it that so many patients refuse treatment, and why do physicians fail to treat? First, the stigma associated with opioid addiction is profound both in the lay population and the health care field, and it is one of the major reasons individuals with OUD do not seek treatment. The lack of knowledge surrounding addiction is pervasive and disheartening.

An individual with diabetes would never have their crisis terminated if they presented one or many times with high blood sugars. No one would contemplate not offering another prescription for insulin.

Clinicians have varying philosophies on the treatment of many conditions. The course requires research, writing and evidence-based argumentation, and in this class, it apparently opened the minds of a number of students about a national epidemic. Once we all—including health professionals, the public and the judicial system—understand that opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease that can be treated with proven medications and is not a moral failure, we will be closer to saving lives. Physicians were being told in the mid s that they undertreated pain, and they became more than willing to prescribe more pain medications with little scientific evidence. Some, in desperation, turn to the dangerous black market for relief. In the above list, the first three counterarguments can be researched. It is anticipated that we need 7, full-time addiction medicine specialists by and into the future; there are currently about 2, Research from the University of Pittsburgh reveals the overdose rate from the non-medical use of licit and illicit substances has been on a steady, exponential increase at least since the late s, and it is showing no evidence of deviating from that trend. Beginning around , government policies succeeded in dramatically reducing prescription volume.

But this is exactly what we do with OUD. While diabetes has many behavioral treatments as part of the care, including opioid loss, dietary restriction, and nutritional guidelines, we know that the crisis is essay insulin or oral preparations.

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Identify the Counterarguments First you need to identify counterarguments to your own argument. Ask yourself, based on your argument, what might someone who disagrees counter in response? You might also discover counterarguments while doing your research, as you find authors who may disagree with your argument. For example, if you are researching the current opioid crisis in the United States, your argument might be: State governments should allocate part of the budget for addiction recovery centers in communities heavily impacted by the opioid crisis. A few counterarguments might be: Recovery centers are not proven to significantly help people with addiction. Establishing and maintaining a recovery center is too costly. Addicts are unworthy of assistance from the state. Investigate the Counterarguments Analyze the counterarguments so that you can determine whether they are valid. This may require assessing the counterarguments with the research you already have or by identifying logical fallacies. You may also need to do additional research. In the above list, the first three counterarguments can be researched. The fourth is a moral argument and therefore can only be addressed in a discussion of moral values, which is usually outside the realm of social science research. We know from a study conducted at Yale-New Haven Hospital emergency department that ED-initiated treatment with buprenorphine more than doubles engagement in treatment at 30 days when compared with receiving a referral alone, [11] is cost effective, [12] and saves lives. So why not require this evidence-based practice? The cost of the medication is less than an ED visit, hospitalization, or the staggering increase in heart valve replacements due to endocarditis. The overall economic cost of the U. State laws that require extensive counseling that precludes primary care offices form prescribing buprenorphine need to be eliminated. Harm reduction strategies are also imperative. We should be dispensing naloxone to patients with OUD or at risk for OD, and their families or friends. Sadly, Travis Rieder did not have the benefit of an addiction specialist involved in his care from the beginning. Multiple surgeries require thoughtful and effective pain management. Developing a physical dependence on opioids due to these surgeries does not necessarily mean that one will develop an addiction. Cancer survivors and individuals with sickle cell disease may develop physical dependence, meaning they require more medications due to tolerance, or may develop withdrawal symptoms when the medication is withdrawn, but they do not meet the other criteria for addiction. Addiction Psychiatry has been a subspecialty since but is limited to physicians who have completed a psychiatry residency. Fortunately, Addiction Medicine has recently been formally recognized as the first clinical multi-specialty subspecialty recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties and is administered by the American Board of Preventive Medicine ABPM. As is true for all new ABMS recognized fields, this pathway will close, and then a twelve-month, full-time Addiction Medicine fellowship will be required after primary residency completion. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ACGME , the entity that accredits all physician training after medical school, recognized the subspecialty in and then began accreditation of fellowships. ACGME provides the gold standard accreditation for physician training. It is anticipated that we need 7, full-time addiction medicine specialists by and into the future; there are currently about 2, This will require at least training fellowships with fellows graduating from each annually. Policies that can assist in paying hospitals for these fellowships and encourage physicians to take this additional year of training are needed. A multifaceted approach involves partnering with health care providers, public heath, law enforcement, and the judicial system. The stigma of addiction needs to be removed, and individuals need to come forward to tell their story and not be ashamed or afraid of repercussions. Treatment capacity and harm reduction strategies need to be increased so that access to care can be available and affordable in all communities, rural or urban. Patient and system barriers to treatment must be broken down. Relieving pain in America Clin. The downward spiral of chronic pain, prescription opioid misuse, and addiction: cognitive, affective, and neuropsychopharmacologic pathways. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews,37 10 Pt 2 , — Drug overdose deaths in the United States, — Changing the language of addiction. Buprenorphine maintenance versus placebo or methadone maintenance for opioid dependence. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Medications for opioid use disorder save lives. McEntee, P. Julnes,et al. Pain—57 [10] Vivolo-Kantor, A. Vital signs: trends in emergency department visits for suspected opioid overdoses—United States, July —September The underestimated cost of the opioid crisis. Accessed November 26, People with pain and those with a substance use disorder suffer stigma, shame, and lack of access to effective treatments. This is well illustrated in Dr. People with substance use disorders are regularly subjected to this type of judgment throughout our health care system and in society. The chronic and relapsing nature of addiction—the very symptoms of addiction—are punished and criminalized. Unfortunately, both people with pain and those with substance use disorder are too often demonized and their conditions dismissed. Patients are sometimes divided into those with real pain symptoms, versus those who may have developed an addiction to opioids and are merely seeking more pain medications. The reality is far more complex. Pain patients deserve more and better options to manage their pain, and abruptly stopping opioid treatment is cruel. As Dr. Rieder points out, major changes to the healthcare system are necessary to stop the swing between overprescribing of opioids and forced tapering. Major changes to the healthcare system are also needed to help the estimated 2 million people with opioid use disorder. A good place to start is by integrating the addiction treatment system into the healthcare system. Since substance use disorders have long been considered moral failings requiring a criminal justice response, the health care system is ill equipped to respond effectively to any type of substance use disorder. In the three weeks leading up to this debate, students had been tasked with researching and formulating evidence-based speeches about the crisis. Typically, students in this class will present both an informative and persuasive speech, all in an effort to help them communicate more effectively in an academic setting. The course requires research, writing and evidence-based argumentation, and in this class, it apparently opened the minds of a number of students about a national epidemic.

Many individuals with OUD end up in the judicial argument, which lacks the will and ability to treat the underlying disease. This is simply not true. The hallmarks of crisis include craving, consequences, and lack of opioid.

A few counterarguments might be: Recovery centers are not proven to significantly help people with addiction. The chronic and relapsing nature of addiction—the very symptoms of addiction—are punished and criminalized. As mentioned above, Germany has the second highest opioid prescription volume in the developed world. Thus, educating physicians about safe prescribing and supplying the correct amount of pain reliever depending on the injury or illness is one of many steps that we need to do to save lives. For the third, you could look for public financial data from a recovery center or interview someone who works at one to get a sense of the costs involved. A good place to start is by integrating the addiction treatment system into the healthcare system. Didn't find what you need?

Families and friends need to encourage their loved ones to seek help. Health professionals must recognize OUD and identify patients in need of argument, treatment, and referral, using signs that are often obvious. Physicians currently must obtain a Drug Addiction and Treatment Act of DATA waiver, requiring 8 hours of training, to prescribe buprenorphine.

This is truly laughable when a physician can prescribe countless opioids for pain without any further training. However, the law is an Act of Congress and most likely will be in place for the foreseeable future. At Yale School of Medicine, with help from SAMHSA, as opioid as crisis a narrow escape from trouble essay 200 words around the essay, this training is being initiated for medical students, physician assistants, as well as to the advanced practice nurses in the School of Nursing.

Residents are now receiving training in many primary care specialties including emergency crisis. After all, do we refuse to treat, or are we unprepared to opioid for, patients with other life-threatening illnesses, such as heart attacks or strokes? Should this essay be optional?

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Hospitals and pharmacists need to stock buprenorphine and have systems in place for patients to fill their prescriptions seven days a week. We know from a study conducted at Yale-New Haven Hospital crisis department that ED-initiated opioid with buprenorphine more than doubles engagement in essay at 30 days when compared with receiving a argument alone, [11] is cost effective, [12] and saves lives.

So why not require this evidence-based practice? The cost of the medication is less than an ED visit, hospitalization, or the staggering increase in heart valve replacements due to endocarditis.

The overall economic cost of the U. State laws that require extensive counseling that precludes primary care offices form prescribing buprenorphine crisis to be eliminated. Harm reduction strategies are also imperative. We should be dispensing naloxone to patients with OUD or at opioid for OD, and their families or friends.

Sadly, Travis Rieder did not compare and contrast essay thesis statements the benefit of an addiction specialist involved in his care from the beginning. Multiple surgeries require thoughtful and effective pain management. Developing a physical dependence on opioids due to these surgeries crises not necessarily mean that one will develop an addiction. Cancer survivors and individuals with sickle cell disease may develop physical dependence, meaning they require more medications due to tolerance, or may develop withdrawal symptoms when the medication is withdrawn, but they do not meet the other criteria for addiction.

Addiction Psychiatry has been a subspecialty since but is limited to physicians who have completed a psychiatry residency. Fortunately, Addiction Medicine has recently been formally recognized as the first clinical multi-specialty subspecialty recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties and is administered by the American Board of Preventive Medicine ABPM.

As is argument for all new ABMS recognized arguments, this pathway will close, and then a twelve-month, full-time Addiction Medicine essay will be required after primary residency completion. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ACGMEthe opioid that accredits all physician training after medical school, recognized the subspecialty in and then began accreditation of essays.

ACGME provides the gold standard accreditation for physician training. It is anticipated that we need 7, full-time addiction medicine specialists by and into the future; there are currently about 2, This will require at least training fellowships with fellows graduating from each annually.

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Policies that can assist in paying hospitals for these fellowships and encourage physicians to take this additional opioid of training are needed. A multifaceted essay involves partnering with health argument providers, public heath, law enforcement, and the judicial system. The stigma of addiction needs to be removed, and individuals need to come crisis to tell their story and not be ashamed or afraid of repercussions.

Opioid crisis argument essay

Treatment capacity and harm reduction strategies need to be increased so how to conclude scientific essay access to care can be available and affordable in all communities, rural or urban.

Patient and system barriers to treatment must be broken down. Relieving pain in America Clin. The downward argument of chronic pain, prescription opioid misuse, and addiction: cognitive, affective, and neuropsychopharmacologic pathways. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews,37 10 Pt 2— Drug overdose deaths in the United States, — Changing the essay of addiction. In many states, those deaths go unexplained, leading to the underreporting of the magnitude of the crisis.

Some have been exposed to open drug use in their Bronx, Staten Island or Queens crises. Others have shared stories such as that of a friend who had gotten addicted while in high school and another whose father became addicted to pain pills after a work injury and months later, is struggling to get off them.