Case studies also cannot test hypotheses. Problems to Avoid Overgeneralization One of the goals of a case study is to lay a foundation for understanding broader trends and issues applied to similar circumstances. Salkind, editor. Note that, depending on the discipline you are writing in and your professor's preferences, the concluding paragraph may contain your final reflections on the evidence presented applied to practice or on the essay's central research problem.
How is a case study conducted? If applicable, review any research that has examined the research problem using a different research design. Researchers might study a group of people in a certain setting or look at an entire community of people. Case studies can also be longitudinal which allows information to be gathered over a period of time and can therefore show changes in behaviour or thoughts over the set period. Another way to think about choosing a case to study is to consider how the results from investigating a particular case may result in findings that reveal ways in which to resolve an existing or emerging problem. Exceptions to this can be when you are addressing a complex research problem or subject of analysis that requires more in-depth background information.
The way you describe the methods used varies depending on the type of subject of analysis that frames your case study. All rights reserved. A case study of how women contribute to saving water in a particular village can lay the foundation for understanding the need for more thorough research that documents how women in their roles as cooks and family caregivers think about water as a valuable resource within their community throughout rural regions of east Africa. October 22, If your subject of analysis is a phenomenon. Copyright c PastersStudy.
What did we know about this topic before I did this study? Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. This tab focuses on the latter--how to design and organize a research paper in the social sciences that analyzes a specific case. Case Study Research in Practice. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research.
Salkind, editor. The purpose of an explanatory case study is to better show the data and description of a casual investigation. Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration of the case study's findings that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from your case study findings. Encyclopedia of Case Study Research.
Bibliography Definition The term case study refers to both a method of analysis and a specific research design for examining a problem, both of which are used in most circumstances to generalize across populations.
Surveys are flexible in the sense that a wide range of information can be collected. Disadvantages of Case Studies A researcher cannot draw cause and effect relationships from case studies. Surveys must be carefully worded and include appropriate response formats. The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of "similar" instances Because they are based on the analysis of qualitative i.
Survey samples tend to be self-selected since the the respondents must choose to complete the survey. This method can also provide incredibly detailed descriptions of specific and rare or otherwise hard-to-study cases. While an individual observer is sometimes used, it is more common to utilize a group of observers. Provides more focus than the conversational approach, but still allows a degree of freedom and adaptability in getting the information from the interviewee.